Ducati Diavel
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Ducati Diavel Service Manual: Ignition coils

Introduction

The engine control system of the diavel includes two ignition coils: one for the horizontal cylinder and one for the vertical cylinder. These coils are installed directly in the spark plug wells. A diode is installed on the secondary winding inside the coil, which prevents the unintentional generation of a spark at the spark plug as a result of variations in voltage induced on the secondary winding itself when the primary winding charge phase starts. During this phase, the diode is inversely polarised and does not allow current to pass. Conversely, during the phase in which the ecu annuls the current circulating in the primary winding, the diode is directly polarised and allows spark generation on the spark plug.

Ignition coils


The image shows the internal electric configuration of the coil. During the primary coil phase, the polarities of the two voltages inversely polarise the diode (red arrows). When the ecu interrupts power to the primary circuit, the diode is polarised directly (green arrows), allowing spark generation on the spark plug. Pins 1, 2 and 3 are located on the primary connection of the coil.

Ignition coils


The diagram illustrates the qualitative variation over time of the charge current for the primary coil winding. The ecu determines the instant t1 (in relation to this time and engine speed, the ignition advance value in degrees is calculated), in which the connection to ground on pin3 is interrupted, triggering the spark on the spark plug. At t0, the ecu grounds coil pin 3, and current begins to circulate in the primary winding. The instant t0 is calculated by the ecu to allow the necessary time interval (t1 - t0) to charge the primary coil winding correctly. Typically, the interval t1 - t0 increases with increasing engine speed.

Component assembling position

Component assembling position


Installation location of horizontal cylinder coil (a).

Component assembling position


Location of horizontal cylinder coil connection.

Component assembling position


Installation location of vertical cylinder coil (b).

Component assembling position


Location of vertical cylinder coil connection.

Connection wiring diagram

Connection wiring diagram


O horizontal cylinder coil, r injection relay. Ccm engine control connection, 1 power connection (12v) via injection relay (brown/white - bn/w), 3 connection to control unit (grey/black - gr/bk), 2 ground (black/bk).

Connection wiring diagram


V vertical cylinder coil, r injection relay. Ccm engine control connection, 1 power connection (12v) via injection relay (brown/white - bn/w), 3 connection to control unit (grey/yellow - gr/y), 2 ground (black - bk).

In the event of fault

The cylinder associated with the faulty coil does not function. The injector associated with the faulty coil is disabled.

Fault codes generated and possible correlated faults fault codes generated by engine control unit and displayed by dds (vertical ignition diagnosis (coil 2), horizontal ignition diagnosis (coil 1)):

Note

Check integrity of electric circuit - short-circuit to vdc = with dashboard on, using a voltmeter, a voltage is measured between the wire tested and ground.

Check integrity of electric circuit - short-circuit to ground = with the battery cables disconnected, using an ohmmeter, continuity is detected between the wire tested and ground.

Check integrity of electric circuit - open circuit = with the battery cables disconnected, using an ohmmeter, no continuity is detected between the two ends of the wire tested.

The dashboard service display shows the error "coil" and the eobd warning light activates.

Possible correlated faults:

The coils may be activated from the dds to check for sparking across the spark plug electrodes (during the test, the spark plug threads must be correctly grounded) if none of the aforementioned tests identify the problem and the coils are in proper working order, replace the engine control unit.

Component replacement methods

The coils replacement do not foresee particular measures, proceed as described in sect. 4-3, Spark plugs replacement.

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